All offenders are required to undergo periodic urinalysis testing for drug
and alcohol use. Studies have shown that drug and alcohol testing serves as a
deterrent to using drugs, at least when detection is linked to a sanction. The
goal of testing is to reduce criminal behavior by detecting current drug and
alcohol users and deterring their use. The department uses the American
BioMedica® detection system to detect alcohol, cocaine, tetrahydrocannabinol
(THC), barbiturates, amphetamines, and opiates. Residents at the
Restitution Center are also tested for alcohol and drugs while they are in the
Supervision Officers use two methods to detect alcohol usage: an Instant
Alcohol Saliva Test Strip by Redwood Biotech, Inc. and the Intoxilyzer 400 by
CMI Inc. Following an admission or detection of alcohol or drug use, the
officer utilizes the Continuum of Sanctions as appropriate to the individual.
On-site testing provides an opportunity to immediately confront the offenders
when a positive result is obtained.